Mathematical discourse can be defined as the habits of exchanging mathematical ideas within a classroom. Discourse encompasses the ways in which a classroom community thinks about, talks about, and represents mathematics. A class’s discourse is shaped by the teacher’s facilitation of learning and class discussions, and the nature of the mathematical tasks provided to students.
“We’re developing young human beings. Math is the context.” Deborah Ball made this statement to a room full of educators on the first day of the Teaching Works Elementary Mathematics Laboratory. During this annual event, Dr. Ball teaches mathematics to a class of fifth-grade students as the educators sit silently in the back of the